|ULK1 (D8H5) Rabbit mAb 8054||20 µl||
||H M R Mk||150||Rabbit IgG|
|Atg13 (D4P1K) Rabbit mAb 13273||20 µl||
||H M R||72||Rabbit IgG|
|FIP200 (D10D11) Rabbit mAb 12436||20 µl||
||H M||200||Rabbit IgG|
|Atg101 (E1Z4W) Rabbit mAb 13492||20 µl||
||H M R Mk||25||Rabbit IgG|
|Phospho-ULK1 (Ser757) (D7O6U) Rabbit mAb 14202||20 µl||
||H M R Mk||140-150||Rabbit IgG|
|Phospho-ULK1 (Ser555) (D1H4) Rabbit mAb 5869||20 µl||
||H M||140-150||Rabbit IgG|
|Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody 7074||100 µl||
Monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to residues surrounding Arg600 of human ULK1 protein, residues surrounding Asp462 of human Atg13 protein, residues surrounding Val177 of human Atg101 protein, or residues near the carboxy terminus of human FIP200 protein. Phospho-specific monoclonal antibodies are produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues surrounding Ser555 of mouse ULK1 protein (equivalent to Ser556 of human ULK1) or residues surrounding Ser757 of mouse ULK1 protein (equivalent to Ser758 of human ULK1).
Autophagy is a catabolic process for the autophagosomic-lysosomal degradation of bulk cytoplasmic contents (1,2). Autophagy is generally activated by conditions of nutrient deprivation but has also been associated with a number of physiological processes including development, differentiation, neurodegeneration, infection, and cancer (3). The molecular machinery of autophagy was largely discovered in yeast and referred to as autophagy-related (Atg) genes. ULK1, Atg13, and FIP200 form a complex that localizes to autophagic isolation membranes and regulates autophagosome biogenesis (4-6). mTOR phosphorylates both Atg13 and ULK1, suppressing ULK1 kinase activity and autophagy (5-7). Interaction between Atg101 and Atg13 can be important for the stability and basal phosphorylation of Atg13 and ULK1 (8,9). AMPK, activated during low nutrient conditions, directly phosphorylates ULK1 at multiple sites including Ser317, Ser555, and Ser777 (7,10). Conversely, mTOR, which is a regulator of cell growth and is an inhibitor of autophagy, phosphorylates ULK1 at Ser757 and disrupts the interaction between ULK1 and AMPK (7).
Explore pathways related to this product.
Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.
Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.