|1 Kit (96 assays)
|H M R
|Tau Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells
|Phospho-Tau (Thr217) Rabbit Detection mAb
|TMB Substrate 7004
|STOP Solution 7002
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803
NOTE: This protocol is for PathScan® kits that use an HRP directly conjugated to the detection antibody (Rapid Protocol), rather than a 2-step method where the detection antibody and a secondary-HRP are added sequentially.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with deionized/purified water or equivalent.
For adherent cells
For suspension cells
NOTE: Equilibrate all materials and prepared reagents to room temperature prior to running the assay.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
created July 2020
Protocol Id: 2144
Tau is a heterogeneous microtubule-associated protein that promotes and stabilizes microtubule assembly, especially in axons. Six isoforms with different amino-terminal inserts and different numbers of tandem repeats near the carboxy terminus have been identified, and tau is hyperphosphorylated at approximately 25 sites by Erk, glycogen synthase kinase-3 (GSK-3), and CDK5 (1,2). Phosphorylation decreases the ability of tau to bind to microtubules. Neurofibrillary tangles are a major hallmark of Alzheimer's disease (AD); these tangles are bundles of paired helical filaments (PHFs) composed of hyperphosphorylated tau. In particular, phosphorylation at Ser396 by GSK-3 or CDK5 destabilizes microtubules. Furthermore, research studies have shown that inclusions of tau are found in a number of other neurodegenerative diseases, collectively known as tauopathies (1,3).
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